The term micro mosaic references two types of mosaics crafted in Italy. The first was made in Rome and was composed of little glass bricks called tesserae. The tesserae were cemented to stone, glass or metal backgrounds and framed. They were originally so small that they were often mistaken for enamel or paintings until they were observed under a microscope. The scenes were typically of classical buildings in Rome. The second type of mosaic is Pietra Dura, which means “hard stone” in Italian. It was crafted in Florence and typically were decorated in floral motifs. It would be comprised of pieces of hard stone (lapis, malachite, marble, etc) cut out and fitted together like a jigsaw puzzle. These types of miniature mosaic were sold as fine jewelry and could be found in brooches, pendants, necklaces, bracelets, earrings, large parures and demi-parures. As the tourism trade blossomed, Victorian ladies collected micro mosaic jewelry on their Grand Tour.