Upon Prince Albert’s untimely death in 1861, Queen Victoria went into inconsolable mourning. As she grieved, her nation grieved. Her court was required to wear mourning clothes and only black jewelry was allowed to be worn. The Whitby jet market flourished because of this. Whitby is a little town on the Yorkshire coast in Britain that began the manufacture of jet jewelry in the 1830s and came into world prominence because of the Great Exhibition in 1851 held at the Crystal Palace in London. Jet is a carbonized, black substance which is very coal-like and is formed by heat, pressure and a chemical reaction on ancient driftwood. It is very lightweight and has a shiny patina.